Revision Notes for CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 9 – Free PDF Download
Free PDF download of Class 8 Science Chapter 9 – Reproduction in Animals Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by expert Science teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. All Chapter 9 – Reproduction in Animals Revision Notes to help you to revise complete Syllabus and Score More marks.
Science NCERT Solutions for Class 8
|Chapter Name||Reproduction in Animals|
|Subject||Science Revision Notes|
Quick Revision Notes
Reproduction is a process in which the organisms produce the young ones of their own kind.
- There are two modes by which animals reproduce. These are: (i) Sexual reproduction, and (ii) Asexual reproductionSexual Reproduction
- Reproduction resulting from the fusion of male and female gametes is called sexual reproduction.
- The reproductive organs in the female include ovaries, oviducts and uterus.
- The reproductive organs in male include testes, sperm ducts and penis.
- The ovary produces female gametes called ova and the testes produce male gametes called sperms.
- The fusion of ovum and sperm is called fertilization. The fertilized egg is called a zygote.
- Fertilization that takes place inside the female body is called internal fertilization. This is observed in human beings and other animals such as hens, cows and dogs.
- Fertilization that takes place outside the female body is called external fertilization. This is observed in frogs, fish, starfish, etc.
- The zygote divides repeatedly to give rise to an embryo.
- The embryo gets embedded in the wall of the uterus for further development.
- The stage of the embryo in which all the body parts are identifiable is called foetus.
- Animals such as human beings, cows and dogs which give birth to young ones are called viviparous animals.
- Oviparous Animals: Animals that lay eggs are called oviparous animals, e.g., frogs, lizards, butterflies, etc.
- The transformation of the larva into adult through drastic changes is called metamorphosis.
- The type of reproduction in which only a single parent is involved is called asexual reproduction.
- In hydra, new individuals develop from buds. This method of asexual reproduction is called budding.
- Amoeba reproduces by dividing itself into two. This type of asexual reproduction is called binary fission.