NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure is provided here to help students to follow the concepts in an easy way. The topic of Force and Pressure is one of the important concepts in Science. It is very important to grasp every bit of this Chapter as they are basics for all your future endeavours.
This NCERT Solutions helps you to attain perfection on the chapter by providing answers to a variety of questions such as MCQs, fill in the blanks, match the following, true or false and descriptive answer types question. In order to score good marks in Class 8 Science examination and to grasp the concepts involved in the chapter, students are advised to study this solution thoroughly.
Answers provided here will help you to get the knowledge on the concept of Force, magnitude and direction of force, change in its state of motion or a change in its shape, definition of pressure, the exertion of pressure on liquid and gases.
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1. Give two examples each of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects
Examples of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects.
1. Pull situations
a) In order to open a drawer, we have to pull it. This action changes the state of motion of the drawer.
b) To draw water from the well, the rope is pulled. This action changes the state of motion of the bucket.
2. Push Situations
a) A football is pushed by the foot of a player. This action changes the state of motion of the ball.
b) In order to change the place of the heavy box from one room to another, we have to push it. This action changes the motion of the box.
2. Give two examples of situations in which applied force causes a change in the shape of an object.
The forces which change the shape of an object are as follows:
i) By pressing the clay between the hands, it deforms.
ii) The shape of the plastic bottle changes by squeezing it.
3. Fill in the blanks in the following statements.
(a) To draw water from a well we have to __________ at the rope.
(b) A charged body __________ an uncharged body towards it.
(c) To move a loaded trolley we have to __________ it.
(d) The north pole of a magnet __________the north pole of another magnet.
- To draw water from a well we have to pull at the rope.
- A charged body attracts an uncharged body towards it.
- To move a loaded trolley we have to pull or push it.
- The north pole of a magnet repels the north pole of another magnet.
4. An archer stretches her bow while taking aim at the target. She then releases the arrow, which begins to move towards the target. Based on this information fill up the gaps in the following statements using the following terms.
muscular, contact, non-contact, gravity, friction, shape, attraction
(a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its __________.
(b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of __________ force.
(c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a __________ force.
(d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to __________ and that due to __________ of air
(a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its shape.
(b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of muscular force.
(c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a contact force.
(d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to gravity and that due to friction of air.
5. In the following situations identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.
(a) Squeezing a piece of lemon between the fingers to extract its juice.
(b) Taking out paste from a toothpaste tube.
(c) A load suspended from a spring while its other end is on a hook fixed to a wall.
(d) An athlete making a high jump to clear the bar at a certain height
a) We make a muscular force to extract the juice of the lemon by squeezing it. As a result, the shape of the lemon gets changed.
b) To take out paste from the toothpaste tube we use our muscular force. This muscular force acting on the toothpaste tube leads to a change of its shape.
c) Here, the suspended load exerts a force on the spring and pushes the spring downwards. As a result, the spring gets stretched. Hence, its shape gets changed.
d) The feet of the athlete exert the muscular force on the ground, which pushes the ground. This allows him to jump over the bar. As a result, his state of motion gets changed.
6. A blacksmith hammers a hot piece of iron while making a tool. How does the force due to hammering affect the piece of iron?
A blacksmith uses his muscular force while hammering a hot piece of iron. The muscular force changes the shape of the iron so that it can be given the desired shape.
7. An inflated balloon was pressed against a wall after it has been rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that the balloon sticks to the wall. What force might be responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall?
When an inflated balloon rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth, it becomes charged. A charged body attracts an uncharged body. When this charged balloon is pressed against a wall, it sticks to the wall. Thus, the electrostatic force acts between the charged balloon and the wall.
8. Name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand. Discuss why the forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion.
For holding the bucket of water above the ground, we use muscular force. This muscular force acts against the force of gravity that pulls the bucket towards the ground. The two forces are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. Therefore, the net force on the bucket is zero. Hence, there is no change in the state of motion.
9. A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbit. Name the two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad.
The force of gravity is the one which acts on the rocket to pull it towards the ground and the other one is the force of friction due to earth’s atmosphere, which opposes its motion.
10. When we press the bulb of a dropper with its nozzle kept in water, air in the dropper is seen to escape in the form of bubbles. Once we release the pressure on the bulb, water gets filled in the dropper. The rise of water in the dropper is due to
(a) pressure of water.
(b) gravity of the earth.
(c) shape of rubber bulb.
(d) atmospheric pressure
a) Due to the atmospheric pressure, there is a rise of water in the dropper.
When all the air escapes from the nozzle, the atmospheric pressure which is acting on the water forces the water to fill the nozzle of the dropper.
Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions for Force and Pressure
These NCERT Solutions will give you clarity regarding various aspects of this chapter, which will consequently help you to solve questions from this chapter easily. Along with answers to the textbook questions, these solutions have exemplary problems, worksheets, important question and HOTS.
In this Chapter 11 Force and Pressure, you will come across the questions on applied force, changes in the object shape. Some questions like the difference between force and pressure appear prominently in the exams which are explained in detail in this solution.
The other types of questions that are crucial are based on objects and the force. Practising these types of questions in this chapter will ensure you to have a good grasp of the subject. Here, the NCERT Class 8 Science Solutions for Force and Pressure PDF is also available and students can access them offline as well.
Subtopics of NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science chapter 11 Force and Pressure
- Force – A Push or a Pull
- Forces are due to an Interaction
- Exploring Forces
- A Force can Change the State of Motion
- Force can Change the Shape of an Object
- Contact Forces
- Non-Contact Forces
- Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases
- Atmospheric Pressure.
Students must study these solutions meticulously to excel in the subject. These NCERT Solutions are prepared according to the latest syllabus of CBSE. Also, check the other NCERT Solutions of different classes and subjects at CoolGyan’S for free.
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Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11
What are the sub topics covered under the Chapter 11 of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science?
Force – A Push or a Pull
Forces are due to an Interaction
A Force can Change the State of Motion
Force can Change the Shape of an Object
Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases