# Important Questions for CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 1 - Accounting of Partnership Firms fundamentals

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## CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Important Questions Chapter 1 – Accounting of Partnership Firms fundamentals

1: Radha and Raman are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5:2. Capital contributed by them is Rs. 50,000 and Rs. 20,000 respectively. Radha was given salary of Rs. 10,000 and Raman Rs. 7,000 per annum. Radha advanced loan of Rs. 20,000 to firm without any agreement to rate of interest in deed while in deed rate of interest on capital was mentioned as 6% p.a. Profits for the year are Rs. 29,400. Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ending 31st March 2015.
Solution:
Profit and Loss Appropriation account
For the year ending on 31.03.2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars Rs. Particulars Rs. To Interest on Capital:  Radha 3,000 Raman 1,200 To Partner’s Salary Radha 10,000 Raman 7,000 To Profits transferred to capital A/cs of: Radha 5,000 Raman 2,000 4,200 17,000   7,000 By Profit and Loss A/c  (Net Profits)29,400 Less: Interest On Radha’s loan 1,200 28,200 28,200 28,200

When appropriation are more than available profits
In such case available profits are distributed in the ratio of appropriation.

2: Ram & Sham are partners sharing profits & losses in ratio of 3:2. Ram being non-working partner contributes Rs. 20,00,000 as his capital & Shyam being a working parties, gets a salary of Rs. 8000 per month. As per partnership deed interest is paid @ 8% p.a. & salary is allowed. Profits before providing that for year ending 31st March 2015 were Rs. 80,000. Show the distribution of profits.
Solution:
Profit & Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31.3.15
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars Rs. Particulars Rs. To Ram’s Capital A/c  (Interest) To Shyam’s Capital A/c (Salary) 50,000  30,000 By Profit & Loss A/c  (Net Profits) 80,000 80,000 80,000

working Notes: Interest on capital == Rs. 1,60,000
Salary =  =Rs. 96,000
Total 2,56,000
Ratio of Interest & Salary = 1,600,000 : 96,000 = 5 : 3
Profits share given to Ram = Rs. 50,000
Shyam = = Rs. 30,000

3: Amit and Sumit commenced business as partners on 01.04.2014. Amit contributed Rs. 40,000 and Sumit Rs. 25, 000 as their share of capital. The partners decided to share their profits in the ratio of 2:1. Amit was entitled to salary of Rs. 6,000 p.a. Interest on capital was to be provided @ 6% p.a. The drawings of Rs. 4, 000 was made by Amit and Rs. 8,000 was made by Sumit. The profits after providing salary and interest on capital for the year ended 31st March, 2015 were Rs. 12,000.
Draw up the capital accounts of the partners
1. When capitals are fluctuating
2. When capitals are Fixed
Solution:
1. When capitals are fluctuating
Capital Accounts of Amit and Sumit
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars Amit  (Rs.) Sumit  (Rs.) Particulars Amit  (Rs.) Sumit  (Rs.) To Drawing A/c  To Balance c/d 4,000  52,400 8,000  22,500 By Balance A/c (Capital)  By Salary A/c By Interest on capital A/c By Profit and Loss Appropriation A/c 40,000  6,000 2,400 8,000 25,000  1,500 4,000 56,400 30,500 56,400 30,500

When capital are Fixed Capital accounts
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars Amit  (Rs.) Sumit  (Rs.) Particulars Amit  (Rs.) Sumit  (Rs.) To Balance c/d 40,000 25,000 By Balance A/c (Capital) 40,000 25,000 40,000 25,000 40,000 25,000

Current Accounts
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars Amit  (Rs.) Sumit  (Rs.) Particulars Amit  (Rs.) Sumit  (Rs.) To Drawing A/c  To Balance c/d 4,000  12,400 8,000  – By Salary A/c  By Interest on capital A/c By Profit and Loss Appropriation A/c To Balance c/d (Closing Balance) 40,000  2,400 8,000 1,500  4,000 2,500 16,400 8,000 16,400 8,000

Working Notes: Profits after salary and interest Rs. 12,000
Amit share =  = 8,000
Sumit share = = 4,000
Difference between Fixed Capital Account & Fluctuating Capital Account:

 Basis Fixed Capital Account Fluctuating Capital Account 1. No. of Accounts maintained Two accounts for each partner Fixed Capital Account & current Account. Only one account is maintained for each partner, i.e., capital Account. 2. Balance chane Balance does not change except under specific circumstances (introduction of additional capital and capital withdrawn) Balance changes frequently from period to period. 3. Adjustments All adjustments for drawing interest on drawing, interest on capital, salary and profit/loss are made in current account. All adjustments for drawings, interest on drawing & capital, salary, profit/loss are made in Capital Accounts. 4. Balance Fixed Capital Account. Capital Account has credit balance always However, current account may have debit or credit balance. Fluctuating Capital account can have debit or credit balance.

4: X and Y invested Rs. 20,000 & Rs. 10,000. Interest on capital is allowed @ 6% per annum. Profits are shared in ratio of 2 : 3. Profits for year ending 11.3.2015 is Rs. 1,500. Show allocation of profits when partnership deed.
(a) Allows interest on capital & deed is silent on treating interest as charge.
(b) Interest is charge against profit.
Solution:
(a) When partnership deed is silent on treating interest as a charge,
Profit & Loss Appropriation Account for the year ending 31.3.2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars (Rs.) To Interest on Capital  X 1000 Y 500 1,500 By Profit & Loss A/c  (Net Profits) 1,500 1,500 1,500

Working Notes: Interest on X’s Capital =  = 1200
Y’s Capital =  = 600
Total Interest = 1800
Ratio of Interest = 1200 : 600 = 2 : 1
Interest allowed to partner =
Interest to X =  = Rs. 1000
Interest allowed by y =  = Rs. 500
(b) Interest is charge on profit – In such case full interest will be given & loss is transferred to partner’s capital accounts.
Profit & Loss Appropriation is not prepared in this case instead profit & Loss Account is prepared & deficit is treated as loss.
Profit & Loss Account
For the year ending on 31.3.2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars (Rs.) To Interest on Capital  X1200 Y 600 1800 By Profit before Interest  By Loss transferred to Capital A/cs X120 Y 180 1,500  300 1800 1800

(a) In case of Sufficient Profits
Profit and Loss Appropriation A/c Dr.
To Interest on Capital A/c
(Being interest on capital transferred to P & L Appropriation A/c
(b) In case of Insufficient Profits or Losses
Profit & Loss/Profit and Loss Adjustment A/c Dr.
To Interest on Capital A/c
(Being interest on capital transferred to P & L Adjustment A/c)

5: A and B are partners in business. Their capitals at the end of year were Rs. 48,000 & Rs. 36,000 respectively. During the year ended March 31st 2015 A’s Drawings and B’s drawings were Rs. 8, 000 & Rs. 12, 000 respectively. Profits before charging interest on capital during the year were Rs. 32, 000. Calculate Interest on partners’ capitals @ 10% p.a.
Solution
Statement showing calculation of opening capitals

 Particulars A(Rs.) B(Rs.) Closing Capital  Add: Drawings already credited Less: Profits already credited Opening capitals or capitals in the beginning Interest on Capital @ 10% p.a. 48,000  8000 36,000  12,000 56,000  16,000 48,000  16,000 40,000 32,000 4,000 3,200

For additional capital interest is calculated for period for which capital is utilized e.g. if additional capital is introduced on 1 April in firm where accounts are closed on 31st December.
Interest =
As money is utilized for 9 months

6: Aarushi and Simran are partners in a firm. During the year ended on 1st March, 2015 Aarushi makes the drawings as under:

 Date of Drawing Amount (Rs.) 01-08-2015  31-12-2014 31-03-2015 5,000  10,000 15,000

Partnership Deed provided that partners are to be charged interest on drawing @ 12% p.a. Calculate the interest chargeable to Aarushi Drawing by using Simple Interest Method and Product Method.
Solution:

1. Simple Interest Method

 Date of Drawing Amount (Rs.) Months till March 31, 2014 Interest @ 12% pm(Rs.) 01-08-2015  31-12-2014 31-03-2015 5,000  10,000 15,000 08  03 00 400  300 000 700

Before charging interest on capital the year were Rs. 32,000. Calculate Interest on partners’ capitals @ 10% p.a.
Solution:
Statement showing calculation of opening capitals

 Particulars A(Rs.) B(Rs.) Closing Capital  Add: Drawings already credited Less: Profits already credited Opening capitals or capitals in the beginning Interest on Capital @ 10% p.a. 48,000  8000 36,000  12,000 56,000  16,000 48,000  16,000 40,000 32,000 4,000 3,200

For additional capital interest is calculated for period for which capital is utilized e.g. if additional capital is introduced on 1 April in firm where accounts are closed on 31st December.
Interest =
As money is utilized for 9 months
2. Product Method

 Date of Drawing Amount of Drawings (Rs.) Months for which Amount has Withdrawn till December 31, 2014 Product  (Rs.) 01-08-2015  31-12-2014 31-03-2015 5,000  10,000 15,000 08  03 00 40,00  30,00 00000 70,000

Interest on Drawing = (in months)
= Rs. 700

7: Calculate interest on drawings of Mr. X @ 10% p.a. if he withdrawn Rs. 1000 per month (i) in the beginning of each Month (ii) In the middle each of month (iii) at end of each month.
Total Amount with withdrawn = Rs. =12, 000.
Solution:
(i) Interest on Drawing =
= Rs. 650
(ii) Interest on drawing =
= Rs. 600
(iii) Interest on drawing =
= Rs. 550

8: Calculate interest on drawing of Vimal if the withdrew Rs. 48000 Quarter withdrawn evenly (i) at beginning of each Quarter (ii) in the middle of each of at end (iii) Quarter. Rate of interest is 10% p.a.
Solution:
Case I – Drawing made on beginning of each Quarter
Interest on drawing =
= Rs. 3,000
Case II – Drawing made in middle of each quarter
Interest on drawing =
= Rs. 2,400
Case III – Drawing made at end of each quarter
Interest on drawing =
= Rs. 1,800
Similarly Interest can be calculated by following formulas Half yearly Drawings for year when
(a) Drawings are made in the beginning of each period (half-year)
Interest on drawing =
(b) Drawings are made in the middle of each period (half year)
Interest on drawing =
(c) Drawings are made at the end of each period (half year)
Interest on drawing =
For monthly drawings for 6 months (Last 6 months)

For monthly drawings for 6 months (Last 6 months)
(a) Drawings are made in the beginning of each month
Interest =
(b) Drawings are made in the middle of each month
Interest =
(c) Drawings are made at the end of each month
Interest =

9: A and B entered into partnership on 1st April, 2014 without any partnership deed. They introduced capitals of Rs. 5,00,000 and Rs. 3,00,000 respectively. On 31st October, 2014, A advanced Rs. 2,00,000 by way of loan to the firm without any agreement as to interest.
The Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31-03-2015 showed a profit of Rs. 4,30,000 but the partners could not agree upon the amount of interest on Loan to be charged and the basis of division of profits. Pass a Journal Entry for the distribution of the Profits between the partners and prepare the Capital A/cs of both the partners and Loan A/c of ‘A’.
Solution:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
For the year ending on 31st March, 2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars (Rs.) To Profits transferred to Capital A/c of :  A 2,12,500 B 2,12,500 By Profit and Loss A/c  Net Profits 4,30,000 Less : Int. on A’s Loan 5,000 1,500 4,25,000 4,25,000

Partner’s Capital A/cs
Dr. Cr.

 Date Particulars A Rs. B Rs. Date Particulars A Rs. B Rs. 1.3.2015 To balance c/d 7,12,500 5,12,500 1.4.2014  31.3.2015 By Bank A/c  By Profit and Loss appropriation A/c 500000  2,12,500 300000  2,12,500 7,12,500 5,12,500 7,12,500 5,12,500

Journal
Dr. Cr.

 Date Particulars LF. Debit(Rs.) Debit(Rs.) 31.3.2015 Profit and Loss Appropriation A/C Dr.  To A’s Capital A/c To B’s Capital A/c (Being profit distributed among the partners) 4,25,000 2,12,500  2,12,500

A’s Loan A/c
Dr. Cr.

 Date Particulars Amount (Rs.) Date Particulars Amount (Rs.) 2015 March, 31 To A’s Capital c/d 2,05,000 2014 Oct., 31  2015 Mar., 31 By Bank A/c  By interest on Loan A/c 2,00,000  5,000 2,05,000 2,05,000

10: Manoj Sahil and Dipankar are partners in a firm sharing profit and losses equally.
The have omitted interest on Capital @ 10% per annum for there years ended on 31st March, 2015. Their fixed Capital on which interest was to be calculated throughout were:
Manoj Rs. 3,00,000
Sahil Rs. 2,00,000
Dipankar Rs. 1,00,000
Give the necessary adusting journal entry with working notes.

Solution:
Books of Manoj, Sahil and Dipankar
Journal

 Date Particulars LF. Debit  (Rs.) Debit  (Rs.) 31.3.2015 Dipankar’s Current A/c Dr.  To Manoj’s Current A/c (Being adjustment entry passed) 30,000 30,000

 Date Particulars (Rs.) Manoj  (Rs.) Sahil  (Rs.) Dipankar  (Rs.) Amount to be given  —– Interest on Capital 90,000 60,000 30,000 Total A 90,000 60,000 30,000 Amount already given to be taken back now ——) :  —- Profit taken back from the partners in their profit sharing ratio ———— 160,000+30,000 = 1,80,000) 60,000 60,000 60,000 Effect (A-B) 30,000 Nil 30,000 Credit Debit

11: A and B are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the into 3:2. The following was the Balance Sheet of the firm as on 31.3.2015.
Balance Sheet
As on 31-3-2015

 Date Particulars Rs. Rs. Assets Rs. 31.3.2015 ——-  60,000 20,000 80,000 Sundry Assets 80,000 80,000 80,000

The profits Rs. 30,000 for the year ended 31-03-2015 were divided between the partner, without allowing interest on capital @ 12% p.a. and salary to A Rs. 1,000 per month. During the year A withdrew Rs 10,000 and B Rs. 20,000.
Solution
Book of A and B
Journal

 Date Particulars LF. Debit  (Rs.) Debit  (Rs.) 31.3.2015 B’s Capital A/c Dr.  To A’s Capital A/c (Being interest on capital and salary to A not Charged, now rectified) 5,280 5,280

Working Notes :
1. Calculation of Opening Capital: As Closing Balance Sheet is given so before calculation of interest opening capital should be calculated.

 Particulars A (Rs.) B (Rs.) Capital at the End  Add : Drawings Less : Profits during the year Opening Capital 60,000  10,000 20,000  20,000 70,000  (18,000) 40,000  (12,000) 52,000 28,000

2. Calculation of Net Effect

 Particulars A (Rs.) B (Rs.) A. Amount to be given (credited)  Interest on Capital (Not provided) Salary to A (Not provided) Total A B. Amount already given to be taken back Now (Debited) : Loss to the firm due to Interest on Capital and Sal A be debited to the partners in their profit sharing ratio (Rs. 18,240+3,360=21,600) Total B NET E NET Effect (A-B) 5,280  12,000 5,280  – 3,360 18,240 12,960  12,960 8,640  8,640 5,280  Credit 5,280  Debit

12: Ram, shyam & Mohan are partners in a firm sharing profit & losses in the ratio of 2:1:2. Their fixed capitals were Rs. 3,00,000, Rs. 1,00,000 an Rs. 2,00,000 respectively. Interest on capital for the year ending 31st March, 201 was credited to them @ 9% p.a. instead of 10% p.a. The profits for the year before charging interest was Rs. 2,50,000. Prepare necessary adjustment entry.
Solution:
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. A (Rs.) B (Rs.) 31.3.2015 Shyam’s Current A/c Dr.  Mohan’s Current A/c Dr. To Ram’s Current A/c (For interest less charged on capital now rectified) 200  400 600

Working Notes:

 Ram  (Rs.) Shyam  (Rs.) Mohan  (Rs.) Total Interest already credited @ 9%  Interest that should have been credited @ 10% Partners less credited Debit profits which were reduced By Rs. 6,000 in ratio of 2:1:2 27,000  30,000 9,000  10,000 18,000  20,000 54,000  60,000 3,000  2,400 1,000  1,200 2,000  2,400 6,000  6,000 600  Cr. 200  Dr. 400  Dr.

When interest charged is more
13: A, B & C are patterns in a firm sharing profits & losses in ration of 2:3:5. Their fixed capitals were Rs. 15,00,000, Rs.30,00,000 & Rs. 60,00,000 reactively. For the year ended 31st March 2015, interest was credited 12% intend of 10%. Pass the necessary adjustment entry.
Solution
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. A (Rs.) B (Rs.) 31.3.2015 C’s Current A/c Dr.  To A’s Current A/c To B’s Current A/c (For interest excessive charged now rectified) 15,000 12,000  3,000

Working Notes:

 A  (Rs.) B  (Rs.) C  (Rs.) Total Interest already credited @ 12%  Interest that should have been credited @ 10% Partners less credited with By recovering this interest profits will be increased by Rs. 2,10,000 & divided in 2:3:5 Net Effect 1,80,000  1,50,000 3,60,000  3,00,000 7,20,00  6,00,000 12,60,00  10,50,000 30,000  42,000 60,000  63,000 1,20,000  1,05,000 2,10,000  2,10,000 12,000  Cr. 3,000  Cr. 15,000  Dr. __  __

14: A and B were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. They admit C for 1/6th share in profits and guaranteed that his share of profits will not be less then Rs. 25,000. Total profits of the firm for the year ended 1st March, 2015 were Rs. 90,000. Calculate share of profits for each partner when.
1. Guarantee is given by firm.
2. Guarantee is given by A
3. Guarantee is given by A and B equally.
Solution:
Case 1. When Guarantee is given by firm.
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
For the year ending on 31st March, 2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars Rs.) To A’s Capital A/c  (3/s of Rs. 65,000) To B’s Capital A/c (2/s of Rs. 65,000) To C’s Capital A/c (1/6 of Rs. 90,000 or Rs. 25,000 whichever is more 39,000  26,000 25,000 By Profit and Loss A/c 90,000 90,000 90,000

Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
For the year ending on 31st March, 2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars Rs.) To A’s Capital A/c  (3/6 of Rs. 90,000) 45,000 Less : Deficiency Borne for C (10,000) To B’s Capital A/c (2/6 of Rs. 90,000) To C’s Capital A/c (1/6 of Rs. 90,000) 15,000 Add : Deficiency Recover form A10,000 35,000  30,000 By Profit and Loss A/c  (Net Profits) 90,000 90,000 90,000

Cose: 3. When Guarantee is given by A & B equally.
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
For the year ending on 31st March, 2015
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars Rs.) To A’s Capital A/c  (3/6 of Rs. 90,000) 45,000 Less : Deficiency Borne for C (1/2 of Rs.10,000) 5,000 To B’s Capital A/c (2/6 of Rs. 90,000) 30,000 Less : Deficiency Borne for C (1/2 of Rs. 10,000) 5,000 To C’s Capital A/c (1/6 of Rs. 90,000) 15,000 Add : Deficiency Recover form A 5,000 Deficiency Recovered From B 5,000 40,000  25,000 25,000 By Profit and Loss A/c  (Net Profits) 90,000 90,000 90,000