Class 12 Maths Revision Notes for Differential Equations of Chapter 9

Class 12 Maths Revision Notes for Differential Equations of Chapter 9 – Free PDF Download

Free PDF download of Class 12 Maths revision notes & short key-notes for Differential Equations of Chapter 9 to score high marks in exams, prepared by expert mathematics teachers from latest edition of CBSE books.


CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Revision Notes Chapter 9 Differential Equations

  • Differential Equation: An equation involving derivatives of the dependent variable with respect to independent variable (variables) is known as a differential equation.
  • Linear and non-linear differential equation: A differential equation is said to be linear if unknown function (dependent variable) as its derivative which occurs in the equation, occur only in the first degree and are not multiplied together. Otherwise the differential equaiton is said to be non-linear.
  • Order: Order of a differential equation is the order of the highest order derivative occurring in the differential equation.
  • Degree: Degree of a differential equation is defined if it is a polynomial equation in its derivatives.
  • Degree (when defined) of a differential equation is the highest power (positive integer only) of the highest order derivative in it.
  • Solution: A function which satisfies the given differential equation is called its solution.
  • General Solution: The solution which contains as many arbitrary constants as the order of the differential equation is called a general solution.
  • Particular Solution:  The solution free from arbitrary constants is called particular solution.
  • To form a differential equation from a given function we differentiate the function successively as many times as the number of arbitrary constants in the given function and then eliminate the arbitrary constants.
  • Variable Separable method: Variable separable method is used to solve such an equation in which variables can be separated completely i.e. terms containing y should remain with dy and terms containing x should remain with dx.
  • A differential equation which can be expressed in the form Differential Equations Class 12 Notes Mathematics where, f(x , y) and g (x , y) are homogenous functions of degree zero is called a homogeneous differential equation.
  • A differential equation of the form  Differential Equations Class 12 Notes Mathematics= Q, where P and Q are constants or functions of x only is called a first order linear differential equation.