CBSE Class 12 Geography Chapter 10 Human Settlements Important Questions – Free PDF Download
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CBSE Class 12 Geography Important Questions
Chapter 10 Human Settlements
Ch-10 Human Settlements
Very Short Answer Questions: –
Q-1 What do you mean by slums?
Ans. Slums are those settlements where lack of basic requirements of living are not available.
Q-2 What do you mean by settlement pattern? Name two pattern of settlement.
Ans. The spatial pattern of settlements in the houses of a village /city is called a settlement pattern, i.e. redial, rectangular etc.
Q- 3 What is global city? Name any two global cities.
Ans. The cities or metropolies cities which are developed as international financial market and which are gradually becoming the hub of global economy is called a global city.
Short Answer Questions: –
Q-4 Distinguish between compact and dispersed settlements.
Ans – Compact settlements: –
– These settlements develop generally in the fertile plains and valleys.
– Agriculture is the main occupation of people.
– The houses are compact and Congested with narrow streets.
– The size of farms are generally small and nearly the settlements.
– The water discharged system is not found adequate resultant streets are found dirty.
Dispersed Settlements –
– These settlements developed in highlands, chilly areas and semi-arid areas.
– The density of population is not high due to barron land
– The houses are dispersed and scattered over a wide area
– Population live in isolated places
– The size of such settlements is not large
– Fishing, Cattle rearing etc. are the activities of the people.
Q-5 Describe five types of towns classified on the basis of their functions. Also give one example of each types of town.
Ans – – Functional classification of cities –
(i) Administrative towns – New Delhi.
(ii) Industrial towns – Shanghai
(iii) Transport towns – Singapore
(iv) Commercial towns – London
(v) Tourist towns – Shimla
(vi) Historical towns – Yerusalam.
Note – Detailed explanation is expected for the answer points.
Long Answer Questions: –
Q-6 Discuss the criteria used by different countries for designating settlement as urban.
Ans – Some of the criteria used by different countries for designating urban are:-
(i) Size of population – It is a criterion which has been adopted by sensus department of determine a settlement as urban. The census department of different countries have taken their over criteria of the size of population. For Example- In Denmark & Sweden urban settlements is that where 250 persons are there, But in Canada it is 1000 while in India it is 5000.
(ii) Occupational or functional structure – Urban settlement differ from rural settlement, In Italy a settlement is called an urban if more than 50% of the conomically productive population is engaged in non-agricultural activities. In India an urban population is that where 75% people are engaged in secondary or tertiary activities.
(iii) Admirative decision – It is also an criteria urban centres are generally administered by municipality or corporation. In several cities of latin America such as Brazil the administration centre is called urban irrespective of its size. In India a settlement big than 5000 population can became an urban center.
(iv) Location size and situation.