# Important Questions for CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Chapter -3 Reconstitution of Partnership

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## CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Important Questions Chapter 3 Reconstitution of Partnership

Change in Profit sharing ratio of Partners

Reconstitution of Partnership
1: Amit and Kajal were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. With effect from January 1, 2015 they agreed to share profits equally. For this purpose the goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs. 60,000. Pass the necessary journal entry.
Solution:
Old ratio of Amit and Kajal = 3:2
New ratio of Amit and Kajal = 1:1
Sacrifice or Gain
Amit = (Sacrifice)
Kajal = (gain)

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) 2015 jan. 1 Kajal capital A/c  Dr. To Amit’s Capital A/c   (Adjustment for goodwill on change in profit sharing ratio). 6,000 6,000

Accounting Treatment of Reserves and Accumulated Profits
Case (i) When reserves and accumulated profits/losses are to be distributed
At the time of change in profit sharing ratio, if there are some reserves or accumulated profits/losses existing in the books of the firm, these should be distributed to partners in their old profit sharing ratio.
Journal Entries
(i) For Transfer of Reserves & Accumulated Profits
Reserve A/cDr.
Profit & Loss A/cDr.
Workmen’s Compensation Reserve A/cDr. Excess of reserves over Actual Liability
Investment Fluctuation Reserve A/cDr. (Excess of Reserves over difference between Book Value & Market Value)
To old Partner’s Capital or Current A/c (in old ratio)
(ii) For transfer of accumulated Losses.
Old Partner’s Capital or Current A/csDr. (in old ratio)
To Profit & Loss A/c (Dr. Balance)

2: Vaishali, Vinod and Anjali are partners sharing profits in the ratio of 4:3:2. From April 1, 2015; they decided to share the profits equally. On the date their book their books showed a credit balance of Rs. 3,60,000 in the profit an loss account and a balance of Rs. 90,000 in the General reserve. Record the journal entry for distribution of these profits and reseves.
Solution:
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) 2015 Apr. 1 Profit & Loss A/cDr.  General Reserve A/cDr. To Vaishali’s Capital A/c To Vinod’s Capital A/c To Anjali’s Capital A/c (Profit and general reserve distributed in old ratio) 3,60,000  90,000 2,00,000  1,50,000 1,00,000

3: Anjun and Kanchan are partner sharing profits and losses in the ration of 3:2, From April 1, 2015 they decided to share the profits in the ratio of 2:1 On that date, profit and loss account showed a debit balance of Rs. 1,20,000. Record the Journal for transferring this to partner’s capital accounts.
Solution:
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) 2015 Apr. 1 Anjun’s capital A/cDr.  Kanchan’s capital A/cDr. To Profit and Loss A/c (Undistributed losses transferred to partners’ capital accounts in old ratio) 72,000  48,000 1,20,000

Case (ii) : When accumulated profits/losses are not be distributed at the time of change in ratio
Partners may decide that reserves and accumulated profits/losses will not affected and remains in the books with same figure. In this case, the gaining partner must Compensate the sacrificing partner by the share gained by him i.e.
Gaining Partner’s Capital A/c.Dr.
To Sacrificing Partner’s Capital A/c

4: Keshav, Meenakshi and Mohit sharing profit and losses in the ratio of 1:2:2, decide to share future profit equally with effect from April 1, 2015. On that date general reserve showed a balance of Rs. 40,000. Partners do not want to distribute the reservwes. You are required to give the adjusting entry.
Solution : Keshav; Meenakshi; Mohit
Old ratio 1/5 : 2/5 : 2/5
New ratio 1/3 : 1/3 : 1/3
Sacrifice or Gain
Keshav = 1/5 – 1/3 = (gain)
Meenakishi = 2/5 – 1/3 = (Sacrifice)
Mohit = 2/5 – 1/3 = (Sacrifice)
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) 2015 Apr. 1 Keshav’s capital A/c Dr.  To Meenakshi capital A/c  To Mohit’s capital A/c  (Adjustment for General reserve on change in profit sharing ratio) 32,000 16,000  16,000

5 : Neha, Niharika, and Nitin are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:3:4. They decided to change their ratio and their new ratio is 4:3:2. They also decided to pass a single journal entry to adjust the following without affecting their book values.
(Rs.)
Profit & Loss account80,000
General Reserve40,000
You are required to give the single journal entry to adjust the above.
Solution :
Profit & Loss Account80,000
_____________
_____________
90,000

NehaNiharikaNitin
Old ratio2/93/94/9
New ratio4/93/92/9
Sacrifice or Gain
Neha = 2/9 – 4/9 = 2/9 (Gain)
Niharika = 3/9 – 3/9 = 0 (No change)
Nitin = 4/9 – 2/9 = 2/9 (Sacrifice)
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) Neha’s capital A/c Dr.  To Nitin’s capital A/c  (Adjustment for Profit & Loss A/c, General Reserves and Advertisement Suspense A/c) 20,000 20,000

Accounting treatment for Revaluation of Assets and Reassessment of Liabilities on change in Profit sharing ratio :
At the time of change in profit sharing ratio of existing partners, Assets and liabilities of a firm must be revalued because actual realizable value of assets and liabilities may different from their book values. Change in the assets and liabilities belongs to the period to change in profit sharing ratio and therefore it must be shared in old profit sharing ratio.
Revaluation of assets and liabilities may be treated in two ways:
(i) When revised values are to be shown in the books.
(ii) When revised values are not be shown in the books.
When revised values are to be shown in the books :
In this case revaluation of assets and liabilities is completed with the help of “Revaluation Account”. This account is also known as “Profit and Loss Adjustment Account”. All losses due to revaluation are shown in debit side of this account and all gains due to revaluation are shown in credit side of this account.

6: Piyush, Puja and Praveen are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:3:2. There balance sheet as on March 31st 2015 was as follows :

 Liabilities (Rs.) Assets (Rs.) Sundry creditors  Bank Loan Capital: Piyush 4,00,000 Puja 3,00,000 Praveen 3,00,000 48,000  72,000 10,00,000 Cash at bank  Sundry debtors Stock Machinery Building 74,000  88,000 2,40,000 3,18,000 4,00,000 11,20,000 11,20,000

Partners decided that with effect from April 1, 2015, they would share profits and losses in the ratio of 4:3:2. It was agreed that :
(i) Stock be valued at Rs. 2,20,000.
(ii) Machinery is to be depreciated by 10%
(iii) A provision for doubtful debts is to be made on debtors at 5%.
(iv) Building is to be appreciated by 20%
(v) A liability for Rs. 5,000 included in sundry creditors is not likely to arise. Partners agreed that the revised value are to be recorded in the books. You are required to prepare journal, revaluation account, partner’s capital Accounts and revised Balance Sheet.
Solution:
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) 2015 Apr. 1 Revaluation A/c Dr.  To Stock To Provision for doubtful debts A/c (Revaluation of assets) 56,200  80,000 5,000 28,800 20,000  31,800 4,400 85,000 10,800 10,800 7,800 April 1 Building A/c  Sundry creditor A/c To Revaluation A/c (Revaluation of assets and liabilities) April 1 Revaluation A/c  To Piyush’s capital A/c To Pooja’s capital A/c To Praveen’s capital A/c (Profit on revaluation)

Revaluation Account

 Particulars (Rs.) Particulars (Rs.) To Stock  To Machinery To Provision for doubtful Debts To Profits transferred to To Piyush’s capital A/c10,800 To Pooja’s capital A/c10,800 To Praveen’s capital A/c7,200 20,000  31,800 4,400 28,800 By Building  By Sundry creditors 80,000  5,000 85,000 85,000

Partner’s Capital A/cs
Dr. Cr.

 Particulars Piyush Pooja praveen Particulars Piyush Pooja Praveen To balance b/d 4,10,800 3,10,800 3,07,200 By bal. b/d  By Revaluation A/c 4,00,000  10,800 3,00,000  10,800 3,00,000  7,200 4,10,800 3,10,800 3,07,200 4,10,800 3,10,800 3,37,200

Balance Sheet
As on April 1, 2015

 Liabilities (Rs.) Assets (Rs.) Sundry creditors  Bank Loan Capital account : Piyush’s4,10,800 Pooja’s3,10,800 Praveen’s3,07,200 43,000  72,000 10,28,800 Cash at bank  Sundry debtors88,000 Less : provision 5% 4,400 Stock Machinery Building 74,000  83,600 2,20,000 2,86,200 4,80,000 11,43,800 11,43,800

When revised values are not to be shown in the books.
7 : In 6, Partners agreed that the revised value of assets and liabilities are not to be shown in the books. You are required to record the effect by passing a single journal entry. Also prepare the revised Balance Sheet.
Solution :
Gain due to revaluation

 Building  Sundry creditors Less : Loss due to revaluation Stock Machinery Provision for doubtful debts Net gain from revoluation Total A Total B Total (A – B) 80,000  5,00 85,000 20,000  31,800 4,400 56,200 28,800

Old Ratio = 3:3:2
New Ratio = 4:3:2
Sacrifice or Gain
Piyush = 3/8 – 4/9 = -5/72 (Gain)
Pooja = 3/8 – 3/9 = 3/72 (Sacrifice)
Praveen = 2/8 – 2/9 = 2/72 (Sacrifice)
Piyush =  = Rs. 2,000 Debit
Pooja = = Rs. 1,200 Credit
Praveen = = Rs. 800 Credit
Journal

 Date Particulars L.F. Debit  (Rs.) Credit  (Rs.) 2015 Apr. 1 Piyush’s capital A/c Dr.  To Pooja’s capital A/c To Praveen’s capital A/c (Adjustment for profit on revaluation) 2,000 ———–

Journal

 Particulars Piyush Pooja praveen Particulars Piyush Pooja Praveen To Pooja’s  To Praveen Capital A/c To Balance b/d 1,200  800 3,98,000 –  – 3,01,200 –  – 3,09,800 By balance b/d  By Piyaush’s Capital A/c 4,00,000  – 3,00,000  1,200 3,00,000  – 4,10,800 3,10,800 3,07,200 4,00,000 3,01,200 3,00,200

Balance Sheet
As on April 1, 2015
Balance Sheet of Vijay, Vivek and Vinay

 Abilities (Rs.) Assets (Rs.) Sundry creditors  Bank Loan Capital account: Piyush’s3,98,000 Pooja’s3,01,200 Praveen’s3,00,800 43,000  72,000 10,10,000 Cash at bank  Sundry Debtors Stock Machinery Building 74,000  88,000 2,40,000 3,18,000 4,00,000 11,20,000 11,20,000