**CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Chapter 2 Important Questions – Free PDF Download**

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**CBSE Class 12 Accountancy Important Questions Chapter 2 Goodwill Nature And Valuation**

**I. (Average Profit Method): ****Akansha, Chetna and Dipanshu are partners in a firm shring profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. They decide to lake jatin into partnership form January 1, 2015 for1/5 share in the future profits. For this purpose, goodwill is to be valued at 2 times the average annual profits of the previous four years. The average profits for the past four years were.**

Year | (Rs.) |

2012 2013 2014 2015 | 96,000 60,600 62,400 84,400 |

**Calculate the value of goodwill**.

**Solution**

Formula

Average Profit = Total Profits/No. of Years.

Goodwill = Average Profit ** **Number of years of purchase

Year | (Rs.) |

2012 2013 2014 2015 | 96,000 60,600 62,400 84,400 |

Total Profits | Rs. 3,03,400 |

Average profit = 3,03,400/4 = Rs. 75,850

Goodwill = = Rs. 151,700

**2: ****The profits of a firm for the last five years were:**

Year | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 |

Profits (Rs.) | 45,000 | 50,000 | 52,000 | 65,000 | 85,000 |

**Calculate the value of goodwill on the basis of two years of purchase of weighted average profits, the weights to be used are 2011-1, 2012-2, 2013-3, 2014-4 and 2015-5**

**Solution:**

Year | Profit (Rs.) | Weights | Weights Profit Weight |

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 | 43,000 50,000 52,000 65,000 85,000 | 1 2 3 4 5 | 43,000 1,00,000 1,56,000 2,60,000 4,25,400 |

Total | 15 | 9,84,400 |

Weighted Average Profit: = = = 65,600

Goodwill = Weighted Average ProfitNo. of years of purchase.

Rs. **= **Rs. 1,31,200

**3: (Super Profit Method)**

**A firm earned net profits during the last three years as:**

Year | 2011-13 | 2013-14 | 2014-15 |

Profits (Rs.) | 36,000 | 40,000 | 44,000 |

The capital investment of the firm is Rs. 1,20,000. A fair return on the capital having regard to the risk involved is 10%. Calculate the value of goodwill on the basis of three years purchase of the super profit for the last three years.

**Solution:**

Average profit : = 40,000

Normal profit =

Normal profit = = Rs. 12,000

Super profit = Average profit – Normal profit

= Rs. 40,000 – 12,000 = Rs. 28,000

Goodwill = Super profitNo. of years of purchase.

= Rs. = Rs. 84,000

**4 (Capitalisation Method): ****A earns Rs. 1,20,000 as its annual profits, the rates of normal profit being 10%. The assets of the firm amounted to Rs. 14,40,000 and liabilities to Rs. 4,80,000. Find out the value of goodwill by capitalization method.**

**Solution:**

Capitalised value of the firm Average Profit

= Rs. = Rs. 12,00,000

Capital employed = Total assets – liabilities

= Rs. 14,40,000 – 4,80,000 = Rs. 9,60,000

Goodwill = Capitalised value – Capital Employed

= Rs. 12,00,000 – 9,60,000 = Rs. 2,40,000

**5. (Average profit method): ****A and B are partners in a firm. They admit C into the firm. The goodwill for the purpose is to be calculated at 2 year’s purchase of the average normal profits of the last three years which were Rs. 10,000, Rs. 15,000 and Rs. 30,000 respectively. Second years profit included profit on sale of Machinery Rs. 10,000. Find the value of goodwill of the firm on C’s Admission.**

**Solution:**

**(1) Calculation of Average Profit:**

Year endedRs.

1st Year10,000

2nd Year (Rs. 15,000 – Rs. 10,000)5,000

3rd Year30,000

Total ProfitsRs. 45,000

Average profit = = =Rs. 15,000

Goodwill = Average profit ** **No. of years of purchase

= **= **Rs. 30,000

**6 (Super profit method): ****The average net profits expected of a firm in future are Rs. 68,000 per year and capital invested in the business by the firm is Rs. 3,50,000. The rate of interest expected from capital invested in this class of business in 12%. The remunerating of the partners is estimated to be Rs. 8,000 for the year. You are required to find out the value of goodwill on the basis of two years’ purchase of super profits.**

**Solution:**

Average Profit = Average Net Profit – Partner’s remuneration

(i) Average profit =Rs. 68,000 – Rs. 8,000 = Rs. 60,000

(ii) Normal profit =

= Rs. Rs. 42,000

(iii)Super Profit = Average profit – Normal profit

= Rs. 60,000 –Rs. 42,000 = Rs. 18,000

(iv) Value of goodwill = Super profit ** **No. of years’ of purchase

= Rs. ** **= Rs. 36,000

**7. (Super profit method): ****On April 1 ^{st}, 2014 an existing firm had assets of Rs. 75,000 including cash of Rs. 5,000. The partners’ capital accounts showed a balance of Rs. 60,000 and reserves constituted the rest. If the normal rate of return is 20% and the goodwill of the firm is valued at Rs. 24,000 at 4 years purchase of super profits, find the average profits of the firm.**

**Solution:**

**(1) Calculation of Normal Profit**

=

= = Rs. 15,000

**(2) Calculation of Super Profit:**

Goodwill = Super profit

**No. of years’ of purchase**

Rs. 24,000 = Super profit 4

Super profit

**= =**Rs. 6,000

**(3) Calculation of Average Profit:**

Super Profit = Average profit – Normal profit

Rs. 6,000 = Average Profit – Rs. 15,000

Average Profit Rs. 6,000, Rs. 15,000, Rs. 21,000

**(B) Capitalisation of super profit method:**Under this method, goodwill is calculated by capitalizing the super profit on the basis of Normal Rate of Return.

Goodwill =

**8: ****M/s Aradhya having the assets of Rs 10,00,000 and Liabilities of Rs 4,20,000. The firm earns the annual profit of Rs. 90,000. The rate of interest expected from the capital having regard to the risk involved is 15%. Calculate the amount of Goodwill by Capitalisation of Super Profit method.**

**Solution:**

Super Profit = Average/Actual Profits – Normal Profits

Actual Profits = Rs. 90,000

Normal Profit =

Capital Employed = Total Assets – Outside’s Liabilities

= Rs. 10,00,000 –Rs. 4,20,000

= Rs. 5,80,000

Normal Profit = Rs.

= Rs. 87,000

Super Profits = Rs. 90,000 – Rs. 87,000

= Rs. 3,000

Goodwill =

=

**Ans :** Goodwill = Rs. 20,000