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CBSE Class 8 Maths Revision Notes Chapter 16 – Playing with Numbers

Revision Notes for CBSE Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 – Free PDF Download

Free PDF download of Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 – Playing with Numbers Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by expert Maths teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. All Chapter 16 – Playing with Numbers Revision Notes to help you to revise complete Syllabus and Score More marks.
Maths NCERT Solutions for Class 8

Chapter NamePlaying with Numbers
ChapterChapter 16
ClassClass 8
SubjectMaths Revision Notes
BoardCBSE
TEXTBOOKCBSE NCERT
CategoryRevision Notes

Quick Revision Notes


  • Number in general form: A number is said to be in a general form if it is expressed as the sum of the products of its digits with their respective place values.
  • Numbers can be written in general form. Thus, a two digit number ab will be written as ab = 10a +b.
  • The general form of numbers are helpful in solving puzzles or number games.
  • The reasons for the divisibility of numbers by 10, 5, 2, 9 or 3 can be given when numbers are written in general form.
  • Tests of Divisiblity:
    (i) Divisibility by 2: A number is divisible by 2 when its one’s digit is 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8.Explanation: Given number abc = 100a +10b +c. 100a  and 10b are divisible by 2 because 100 and 10 are divisible by 2. Thus given number is divisible by 2 only when a = 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8.
    (ii) Divisibility by 3: A number is divisible by 3 when the sum of its digits is divisible by 3. Example: given number = 61785. Sum of digits = 6+1+7+8+5 = 27 which is divisible by 3. Therefore, 61785 is divisible y 3.
    (iii) Divisibility by 4: A number is divisible by 4 when the number formed by its last two digits is divisible by 4.
    Example: 6216, 548, etc.
    (iv) Divisibility by 5: A number is divisible by 5 when its ones digit is 0 or 5.
    Example: 645, 540 etc.
    (v) Divisibility by 6: A number is divisible by 6 when it is divisible by both 2 and 3.
    Example: 246, 7230, etc.
    (vi) Divisibility by 9: A number is divisible by 9 when the sum of its digits is divisible by 9.
    Example: consider a number 215847. Sum of digits = 2+1+5+8+4+7 = 27 which is divisible by 9. Therefore, 215847 is divisible by 9.
    (vii) Divisibility by 10: A number is divisible by 10 when its ones digit is 0. Example: 540, 890, etc.
    (viii) Divisibility by 11: A number is divisible by 11 when the difference of the sum of its digits in odd places and the sum of its digits in even places is either o or a multiple of 11.
    Example: consider a number 462.
    Sum of digits in odd places = 4+2 = 6
    Sum of digits in even places = 6
    Difference = 6-6=0, which is zero. So, the number is divisible by 11.