NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science (Chemistry) Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings is an important study material from the standpoint of your CBSE Class 9 Science examination. Detailed answers to all the exercise questions provided here will help you understand the fundamental concepts involved in the chapter.

Matter is an important concept in Science, and it forms the basis for topics that are taught in later classes. Learn more by referring to NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science (Chemistry) Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings. Solutions are prepared with the help of dedicated teachers who have a thorough conceptual understanding and years of experience. Content is well-structured so that it becomes easier for students to learn and understand. Also, content in the NCERT Solutions has been updated as per the latest NCERT syllabus.

We also make sure that the solutions provided are designed to meet multiple criteria that an evaluator typically looks for. This ensures that the answers are highly relevant and retain their informational quotient through various classes.

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings

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Access Answers of NCERT Class 9 Science (Chemistry) Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings (All in text and Exercise Questions solved)

Exercise-1.1-1.2 Page: 3

1. Which of the following are matter?

Chair, air, love, smell, hate, almonds, thought, cold, lemon water, smell of perfume.


The following substances are matter:




Lemon water

Smell of perfume (Smell is considered as a matter due to the presence of some volatile substances in air that occupy space & have mass.)

2. Give reasons for the following observation:

The smell of hot sizzling food reaches you several meters away, but to get the smell from cold

food you have to go close.


Particles in the air, if fueled with higher temperatures, acquire high kinetic energy which aids them

to move fast over a stretch. Hence the smell of hot sizzling food reaches a person even at a distance

of several meters.

3. A diver is able to cut through water in a swimming pool. Which property of matter does this observation show?


The diver is able to easily cut through the water in the swimming pool because of the weak forces of

attraction between water molecules. It is this property of water that attributes to easy diving.

4. What are the characteristics of the particles of matter?


The characteristics of particles of matter are:

(a) Presence of intermolecular spaces between particles

(b) Particles are in constant motion

(c) They attract each other

Exercise-1.3 Page: 6

1. The mass per unit volume of a substance is called density. (density=mass/volume). Arrange the following in the order of increasing density – air, exhaust from the chimneys, honey, water, chalk, cotton and iron.


The following substances are arranged in the increasing density:


Exhaust from chimney






2. Answer the following.

a) Tabulate the differences in the characteristics of matter.

b) Comment upon the following: rigidity, compressibility, fluidity, filling a gas container,

shape, kinetic energy and density.


(a) The difference in the characteristics of the three states of matter.

ShapeFixed shapeNo Fixed shapeNo Fixed shape
VolumeFixed volumeFixed volumeNo Fixed volume
Intermolecular forceMaximumLess than solidsVery less
Intermolecular spaceVery lessMore than solidsmaximum
Rigidity/FluidityRigid/cannot flowCan flow/not rigidCan flow/not rigid
CompressibilitynegligiblecompressibleHighly compressible

(b) (i) Rigidity: It is the propensity of a substance to continue to remain in its shape when treated

with an external force.

(ii) Compressibility: It is the attribute of the particles to contract its intermolecular space when

exposed to an external force thereby escalating its density.

(iii) Fluidity: It is the ability of a substance to flow or move about freely.

(iv) Filling the gas container: The particles in a container take its shape as they randomly vibrate in

all possible directions.

(v) Shape: It is the definite structure of an object within an external boundary

(vi) Kinetic energy: Motion allows particles to possess energy which is referred to as kinetic

energy. The increasing order of kinetic energy possessed by various states of matter are:

Solids < Liquids < Gases

Mathematically, it can be expressed as K.E = 1/2 mv2, where ‘m’ is the mass and ‘v’ is the velocity

of the particle.

(vii) Density: It is the mass of a unit volume of a substance. It is expressed as:

d = M/V, where ‘d’ is the density, ‘M’ is the mass and ‘V’ is the volume of the substance

3. Give reasons

a) A gas fills completely the vessel in which it is kept.

b) A gas exerts pressure on the walls of the container.

c) A wooden table should be called a solid.

d) We can easily move our hand in the air but to do the same through a solid block of wood we need a karate expert.


a) Kinetic energy possessed by gas particles is very high which allows them to randomly move

across all directions when contained, hence the particles fills the gas vessel entirely.

b) Gas molecules possess high kinetic energy, due to which they are under constant motion inside

the container in random directions which causes them to hit the walls of the container and hence create vibrations. These collisions with the walls of the container generate pressure.

c) A wooden table should be called a solid as it possesses all the properties of a solid such as:

      • Definite size and shape
      • Intermolecular attraction between closely packed particles.
      • It is rigid and cannot be compressed

d) Molecules in gases are loosely packed as compared to solid molecules which are densely packed.

Hence we are easily able to break the force of attraction when we move our hand through air but find it difficult to break through a solid (because of greater forces of attraction between molecules) which a karate expert is able to smash with the application of a lot of force.

4. Liquids generally have a lower density than solids. But you must have observed that ice floats on water. Find out why.


Density of ice is less than the density of water. The low density of ice can be attributed to the small

pores it has which allows it to trap air hence ice floats on water.

Exercise-1.4 Page: 9

1. Convert the following temperature to Celsius scale:

a. 300K          b. 573K


a.  0°C=273K

300K= (300-273)°C = 27°C

b. 573K= (573-273)°C = 300°C

2. What is the physical state of water at:

a. 250°C         b. 100°C ?


(a) At 250°C – Gaseous state since it is beyond its boiling point.

(b) At 100°C – It is at the transition state as the water is at its boiling point. Hence it would be

present in both liquid and gaseous state.

3. For any substance, why does the temperature remain constant during the change of state?


It is due to the latent heat as the heat supplied to increase the temperature of the substance is used up to transform the state of matter of the substance hence the temperature stays constant.

4. Suggest a method to liquefy atmospheric gases.


It can be achieved by either increasing the pressure or decreasing the temperature which ultimately leads to the reduction of spaces between molecules.

Exercise-1.5 Page:

1. Why does a desert cooler cool better on a hot dry day?


It is because the temperature is high and it is less humid on a hot dry day which enables better evaporation. High levels of this evaporation provide better cooling effects.

2. How does the water kept in an earthen pot (matka) become cool during summer?


An earthen pot is porous in nature. These tiny pores facilitate penetration of water and hence their evaporation from the pot surface. The process of evaporation requires energy which is contributed by water in the pot as a result of which water turns cooler.

3.Why does our palm feel cold when we put on some acetone or petrol or perfume on it?


Acetone, petrol, and perfume are volatile substances that get evaporated when they come in contact

with air. Evaporation is facilitated as it uses energy from palm hence leaving a cooling effect on our


4. Why are we able to sip hot tea or milk faster from a saucer rather than a cup?


A saucer has a larger surface area than a cup which promotes quicker evaporation hence the tea or milk in a saucer cools down faster.

5. What type of clothes should we wear in summer?


In summer, it is preferred to wear light-coloured cotton clothes because light colour reflects heat and cotton materials have pores that absorb sweat, facilitating their evaporation hence causing a cooling effect in the skin.

Exercise Page: 12

1. Convert the following temperature to Celsius scale.

(a) 293K                (b) 470K



(a) 293K= (293 – 273)°C = 20°C

(b)  470K= (470 – 273)°C = 197°C

2.Convert the following temperatures to the Kelvin scale.

(a) 25°C                (b) 373°C


0°C = 273K

(a) 25°C = (25+273)K = 298K

(b) 373°C = (373+273)K = 646K

3. Give reason for the following observations:

(a) Naphthalene balls disappear with time without leaving any solid.

(b) We can get the smell of perfume while sitting several metres away.


(a) At room temperature, naphthalene balls undergo sublimation wherein they directly get converted

from a solid to a gaseous state without having to undergo the intermediate state, i.e., the liquid state.

(b) Molecules of air move at a higher speed and have large intermolecular spaces. Perfumes comprise

of flavoured substances that are volatile which scatters quickly in air, becoming less concentrated over a distance. Hence we are able to smell perfume sitting several metres away.

4. Arrange the following in increasing order of forces of attraction between the particles – water, sugar, oxygen.


Oxygen (gas) < water (liquid) < sugar (solid)

5. What is the physical state of water at –  

(a) 25°C (b) 0°C (c) 100°C?


(a) At 25°C, the water will be in liquid form (normal room temperature)

(b) At 0°C, the water is at its freezing point, hence both solid and liquid phases are observed.

(c) At 100°C, the water is at its boiling point, hence both liquid and gaseous state of water (water

vapour) are observed.

6.Give two reasons to justify –

(a) Water at room temperature is a liquid.

(b) An iron almirah is a solid at room temperature.


(a) Transition in the states of matter of water occurs at 0°C and 100°C. At room temperature, water

is in the liquid state, thereby exhibiting all the properties of a liquid such as

      • Water flows at this temperature
      • It has a fixed volume and it takes the shape of its container

(b) The melting and boiling points of iron are as high as 1538°C and 2862°C respectively. The room

temperature is about 20-25 °C. Hence iron almirah is a solid at room temperature.

7. Why is ice at 273K more effective in cooling than water at the same temperature?


Water at this temperature(273K) is less effective than ice as ice can readily form water through absorption of ambient heat energy as opposed to water which does not exhibit this property as it already possesses additional latent heat of fusion so does not require extra heat. Hence ice cools rapidly compared to water at the same temperature.

8. What produces more severe burns, boiling water or steam?


Steam produces severe burns. It is because it is an exothermic reaction that releases a high amount of heat which it had consumed during vaporization.

9. Name A, B, C, D, E and F in the following diagram showing a change in its state.

NCERT Solution for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 Question No 9


A: Melting (or) fusion (or) liquefaction

B: Evaporation (or) vaporization

C: Condensation

D: Solidification

E: Sublimation

F: Sublimation

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings

Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings is a part of Unit 1: Matter – Its Nature and Behavior. According to the past trends and previous years question papers, this particular unit carries 23 marks out of 100. Therefore, it is quite important to ensure that this chapter is studied thoroughly.

The topics and Subtopics from NCERT Solutions  Class 9 Science Chapter 1- Matter in Our Surroundings  are given below:

      • Physical nature of matter
        • Matter is Made Up of Particles
        • How Small Are These Particles Of Matter?
      • Characteristic of particles of matter
        • Particles of Matter Have Space between Them
        • Particles of Matter Are Continuously Moving
        • Particles of Matter Attract Each Other
      • States of matter
        • The Solid State
        • The Liquid State
        • The Gaseous State
      • Can matter change its state?
        • Effect of Change of Temperature
        • Effect of Change o Pressure
      • Evaporation
        • Factors Affecting Evaporation
        • How Does Evaporation Cause Cooling?

Matter is one of the fundamental constituents that make up everything in the universe – from minute sand particles on earth to the enigmatic black holes at the centre of many galaxies. Matter has a role to play in everything that we see around us, interacting to form new materials, some familiar and others exotic.

Explore how matter works and discover its molecular components. Also, learn how the term matter was coined and its significance in various fields of science. Find more important NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Science to aid your studies.

Exercises with Question count covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Chapter 1:

Exercise 1.1 & 1.2, Page number 3 – Solution of 4 Questions
Exercise 1.3, Page number 6 – Solution of 4 Questions
Exercise 1.4, Page number 9 – Solution of 4 Questions
Exercise 1.5, Page number 10 – Solution of 5 Questions
Chapter Exercise, Page number 12 – Solution of 9 Questions

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 – Matter in Our Surroundings

      1. Content elaborated in detail, ensuring all jargons are explained
      2. Solutions have been written in an easy-to-understand language
      3. Crafted by qualified teachers and industry experts
      4. Includes questions from the latest prescribed syllabus
      5. Comprehensive analysis of previous year exam questions
      6. Explore additional learning tools such as sample papers and previous year question papers

More to Explore: NCERT Solutions Class 9

Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1

Explain the different characteristics of state of matter covered in the Chapter 1 of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science.

The different characteristics of state of matter are based on six parameters –
1. Shape
2. Volume
3. Rigidity or Fluidity
4. Intermolecular force
5. Intermolecular space
6. Compressibility
These concepts are briefly explained in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 curated by the experts at CoolGyan’S. The solutions are elaborated in a simple language to make it easier for the students while learning.

How many questions are present in each exercise of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1?

The number of questions present in each exercise of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 are –
Exercise 1.1 & 1.2 – 4 Questions
Exercise 1.3 – 4 Questions
Exercise 1.4 – 4 Questions
Exercise 1.5 – 5 Questions
Chapter Exercise – 9 Questions

Is the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 sufficient for the exam preparation?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1 are designed by the faculty at CoolGyan’S to help students ace the exam without fear. The fundamental concepts are explained in the most systematic way to improve the confidence among students. Each and every minute detail is covered in the NCERT Solutions to help students with their exam preparation. The solutions are available in both online and offline mode which can be used by the students based on their requirements.