NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chapter 4 Animal Kingdom enriches students with answers to all the questions provided in the NCERT textbook. The solutions are crafted by subject matter experts at CoolGyan’S, solved accurately and to the point.
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1. What are the difficulties that you would face in classification of animals, if common fundamental features are not taken into account?
Animals are classified on the basis of common features such as cell arrangement, body symmetry, nature of coelom, digestive tract, circulation or reproductive system. Without these common features it is very difficult to treat each organism individually, it is impossible to add new species detected every day without common features. To study diversity in animals, classification must be based on common basic features
Some other difficulties are:
(i) Tracing of interdependence amongst various animals will become difficult
(ii) Difficulty in developing new species of animals
2. If you are given a specimen, what are the steps that you would follow to classify it?
The steps to classify the specimen are:
(i) Classify level of organization: Classify the arrangement of cells in cellular and tissue level organization.
(ii) Symmetry: Classify the organism as radial or bilateral symmetry.
(iii) Classify Diploblastic or triploblastic organization
(iv) Presence or absence of body cavity
(v) Type of coelom development
(vi) Classify segmentation
(vii) Differentiate the presence or absence of notochord.
3. How useful is the study of the nature of body cavity and coelom in the classification of animals?
The coelom is the body cavity or fluid filled space lined by the mesoderm, and an animal with a coelom is called a coelomates. In some animals, the body cavity is not covered by the mesoderm; Instead, the mesoderm is a scattered cyst between the ectoderm and the endoderm. Such a body cavity is called a pseudocoelom and the animals that have them are called pseudocoelomates, for example – Aschelminthes. Some animals have no body cavity, they are called acoelomates, for example – Platyhelminthes.
Classification of body cavity and coelom are important to decide the complexity of an organism at organ level.
4. Distinguish between intracellular and extracellular digestion?
|Intracellular digestion||Extracellular digestion|
|It occurs in lower organisms||Occurs in multicellular organisms|
|Occurs within cells||Occurs within cavity of the ailmentry canal, outside the cell|
|It is less efficient with no regional differentiation||Highly efficient with regional differentiation|
|Enzymes associated are very few||Large number of digestive glands and enzymes are required|
5. What is the difference between direct and indirect development?
|Direct development||Indirect development|
|Occurs in fish, reptile birds and mammals||Occurs in in vertebrate amphibians|
|In direct development, the embryo develops into a well-grown individual without involving in a larval stage.||It involves a sexually immature larval stage|
|Metamorphosis is absent||Metamorphosis is present|
|Ex: Hydra, earthworm||Ex: Frog, butterfly|
6. What are the peculiar features that you find in parasitic platyhelminthes?
The typical features of the parasitic Platyhelminthes are:
(i) Free-living parasitic forms.
(ii) The body organization observed is of tissue organ grade
(iii) Mostly hermaphrodites
(iv) Three-layered body wall – epidermis (outer covering) is often ciliate and covered with cuticle.
(v) The Digestive tract is incomplete or absent
(vi) The presence of well-defined excretory structures, such as flame cells.
(vii) Presence of anti-toxins and a thick tegument which is resistant to the digestive enzymes of host. (viii) Anaerobic respiration. No special respiratory structure was observed.
(ix) The front body part has suckers, hooks, eye spots and auricles to attach to the hosts.
(x) A highly developed reproductive system of parasitic forms.
7. What are the reasons that you can think of for the arthropods to constitute the largest group of the animal kingdom?
The following are the causes of arthropods, which make up the largest group of animal kingdoms
(i) They have jointed legs that allow them to motile, and perform many other functions due to these jointed appendages.
(ii) A hardened skeleton made of chitin protects their body.
(iii) Hard skeletons reduce water loss from the body.
(iv) Demonstrate a different system for locomotion, respiration and reproduction.
(v) Ability to live in diverse conditions and varied habitats.
(vi) In comparison to other phyla, they are pre-developed.
(vii) Well-developed sense organs and nervous system.
(vii) Some insects exhibit pheromones that enable communication.
8. Water vascular system is the characteristic of which group of the following:
(a) Porifera (b) Ctenophora (c) Echinodermata (d) Chordata
Form the four given options the correct answer is (c) Echinodermata
This is their characteristic. Among them is a perforated panel known as madreporite, which allows water to percolate in their systems.
9. “All vertebrates are chordates but all chordates are not vertebrates”. Justify the statement.
The presence of Notocard and paired pharyngeal gill slits is characteristic of the phylum chordate. However, the vertebrata notocard in the embryo in the subfilm is replaced by columns of bony vertebrae in adults. It is therefore said that “All vertebrates are chordates, but not all chordates are vertebrates.”
10. How important is the presence of air bladder in Pisces?
Air bladder in Pisces regulates Buoyancy which prevents fishes from sinking.
11. What are the modifications that are observed in birds that help them fly?
The variations found in birds that help fly are:
(i) The presence of feathers.
(ii) Forelimbs are turned into wings, to help with flight.
(iii) Hind limbs have scales.
(iv) They have pneumatic or hollow bones that lighten the skeleton
(v) Absence of urinary bladder causes net body weight loss and facilitates them to fly
(vi) Their streamlined body provides less resistance and enables longer flight
12. Could the number of eggs or young ones produced by an oviparous and viviparous mother be equal? Why?
No, the number of eggs or young ones produced by an oviparous and viviparous mother are not equal, the number of eggs produced by oviparous mothers is more comparatively because in oviparous animals, fertilization talks place outside the uterus whereas in viviparous animals’ development takes place inside the uterus which makes successful incubation of young animals lesser.
When eggs are present outside, there is a risk of getting eaten by predators due to their immobility. Therefore, in order to sustain the progeny, there is a requirement for more of eggs.
13. Segmentation in the body is first observed in which of the following:
(a) Platyhelminthes (b) Aschelminthes (c) Annelida (d) Arthropoda
Form the four given options the correct answer is (c) Annelida
14. Match the following:
|Column I||Column II|
|(a) Operculum||(i) Ctenophora|
|(b) Parapodia||(ii) Mollusca|
|(c) Scales||(iii) Porifera|
|(d) Comb plates||(iv) Reptilia|
|(e) Radula||(v) Annelida|
|(f ) Hairs||(vi) Cyclostomata and Chondrichthyes|
|(g) Choanocytes||(vii) Mammalia|
|(h) Gill slits||(viii) Osteichthyes|
|Column I||Column II|
|(a) Operculum||(viii) Osteichthyes|
|(b) Parapodia||(v) Annelida|
|(c) Scales||(iv) Reptilia|
|(d) Comb plates||(i) Ctenophora|
|(e) Radula||(ii) Mollusca|
|(f ) Hairs||(vii) Mammalia|
|(g) Choanocytes||(iii) Porifera|
|(h) Gill slits||(vi) Cyclostomata and Chondrichthyes|
15. Prepare a list of some animals that are found parasitic on human beings.
Some animals that are found parasitic in humans are as follows:
i. Ancylostoma (Hookworm)
ii. Taenia (Tapeworm)
iii. Enterobius (Pinworm)
iv. Wuchereria (Filarial worm)
v. Ascaris (Roundworm)
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 4 – Animal Kingdom
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 4 the Animal Kingdom is covered under Unit 1 in Biology – Diversity in the Living World. Questions appearing from this unit constitutes for about 10% of the question paper as per past trends, hence students are required to concentrate on understanding concepts covered in this unit.
List of subtopics covered in Chapter 4 – Animal Kingdom:
|4.1||Basis of Classification|
|4.2||Classification of animals|
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 4 – Animal Kingdom
Biology is a vast subject. NCERT Solutions provide answers to all the questions completely, developed accurately for the benefit of students. Chapter Animal kingdom explains the differences in structure and form of different animals.
There are a few fundamental features that are common to various individuals in relation to the organization of cells, body symmetry, nature of coelom, pattern of different systems such as digestion, circulatory or reproductive systems. These are the fundamental features that form the basis for the classification of animals, some of these are explained in detail in the chapter.
Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 4 – Animal Kingdom
- Simple and easy to understand
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Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology Chapter 4
List some animals that are found parasitic on human beings from the Chapter 4 of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology.
1. Ascaris (Roundworm)
2. Taenia (Tapeworm)
3. Enterobius (Pinworm)
4. Ancylostoma (Hookworm)
5. Wuchereria (Filarial worm)