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Meaning And State Of Health Infrastructure

Health can be explained as mental, physical, and social well being which is the resources of living a full and happy life. Good health doesn’t only mean an absence of disease but having an ability and will power to overcome and bounce back from sickness and other physical or mental issues.

A healthy individual contributes to the maximum of overall development and growth of a country. A developed health infrastructure also guarantees a country of strong and healthy manpower for the production of goods and services. Health infrastructure includes advanced machines specialist doctors, nurses and other paramedical professionals, and developed pharmaceutical industry.

Generally, it is difficult to describe what exactly a good health means, however, few scholars evaluate good health by taking various signs like infant & maternal mortality rate, nutrition level, life expectancy, and with the current data of communicable and noncommunicable diseases.

Measures to Control of Public Diseases Health

Meaning of Public Health

Reason for Insufficient Health

Reasons for Insufficient Health Infrastructure

The drawback of the Health Care System

Drawback for Healthcare System

Solved Question:

Explain the health and the state of health of the people in our country? (NCERT)
(A) Health
  • Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease.
(B) Following is the state of health of the people in our country:
(1) Inadequate Expenditure on Health
  • Expenditure of the health sector is 1.3% of GDP in 2015-16. It is extremely low as compared to other developed and developing countries.
(2) Lack of Public Health Facilities
  • At present, less than 20% of the population utilizes public health facilities.
  • Only 38% of the Primary Health Centers have the required number of doctors, this percentage has declined to 30% in 2013.
  • Only 30% of the Primary Health Centers have sufficient stock of medicines, this percentage has increased to 35% in 2015.
(3) Malnutrition
  • Almost 5 lakh children die of the water-borne disease every year. The risk of AIDS is still emerging.
  • Due to Malnutrition and insufficient supply of vaccines add to the death of 2.2 million children every year, which has decreased to 1.2 million in 2015, in India and 5.9 million in 2015, in the world.

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