Final Accounts: format, adjustments, final accounts of company

Final Accounts Meaning

Final accounts are those accounts that are prepared by a joint stock company at the end of a fiscal year. The purpose of creating final accounts is to provide a clear picture of the financial position of the organisation to its management, owners, or any other users of such accounting information.
Final account preparation involves preparing a set of accounts and statements at the end of an accounting year. The final account consists of the following accounts:

  1. Trading and Profit and Loss Account
  2. Balance Sheet
  3. Profit and Loss Appropriation account

Objectives of Final Account preparation

Final accounts are prepared with the following objectives:

  1. To determine profit or loss incurred by a company in a given financial period
  2. To determine the financial position of the company
  3. To act as a source of information to convey the users of accounting information (owners, creditors, investors and other stakeholders) about the solvency of the company.

The format of a final account is represented as follows:
Q. Following is the Trial Balance of Rajesh Ltd., Gurgaon as on 31.12.2009.
final-accounts-question
Adjustments:
1. Transfer Rs. 10000 to Reserve Fund.
2. Provide depreciation on building at 5%.
3. Stock on 31.12.2009 was valued at Rs. 12000.
4. Dividend at 15% on share capital is to the provided.
5. Depreciation on Plant and Machinery at 10%.
Prepare Trading, Profit and Loss Account, Profit and Loss Appropriation Account and Balance Sheet in the prescribed form.
Solution:
The solution will be as follows:
trading-and-profit-and-loss-account
profit-and-loss-appropriation-a/c
 
 
balance-sheet-final-accounts
 
 

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