IAS Preparation

Zika Virus

Zika Virus infection is caused by the Zika Virus (ZIKV) belonging to the Flaviviridae family. It is an infection transmitted through the bite of infected female mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It usually bites during the day time, peaking during early morning and late evening. Zika virus infection during pregnancy results in birth defects […]

Zero Hour – Indian Polity Notes

Zero Hour is the time when Members of Parliament (MPs) can raise Issues of Urgent Public Importance. For raising matters during the Zero Hour, MPs must give the notice before 10 am to the Speaker/ Chairman on the day of the sitting. The notice must state the subject they wish to raise in the House. […]

Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)

Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a type of chemical-free farming where the total cost of growing and harvesting plants comes out to be zero (taking into consideration the costs incurred by the farmers are recovered through inter-cropping) . The topic, ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming,’ gained prominence when Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman mentioned it in […]

The Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War, also known as the 1973 Arab Israeli War, was fought from 6 to 25 October 1973. It was a coordinated assault launched by Egypt, Syria and their allies against Israel on the holiest day of the Jewish Calendar.  Narrowly avoiding defeat, Israel overcame its adversaries but its future military doctrines would […]


Skill India What is Skill India? Skill India is an initiative of the Government of India launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 16 July 2015 with an aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. The initiatives include National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and […]