What is Biotechnology?
Biotechnology is the life science, which generally deals with the study of living organisms. It is an application of biology and different other techniques to change or to modify products for specific human use. Biotechnology is also known as biological technology.
Also Read: Biotechnology and Its Principles
Importance of Biotechnology in Human Life
Biotechnology plays a very important role in human welfare and has revolutionized mankind since its existence. It contributes much towards the human’s welfare and their health needs.
Few of them are listed below:
Biotechnology In Agriculture
The application of biotechnology in agriculture field helps in improving food quality, quantity, and processing. Bio-fertilizers and Bio-pesticides are eco-friendly sources for agriculture, which contains the living microorganisms that help in promoting growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients. Farmers choose biotech crops to increase the yield and in lower production costs.
Also Read: Biotechnology In Agriculture
Biotechnology in Medicine
In the field of medicines, Biotechnology is widely used in the development of several innovative techniques for diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases. It helps in providing effective treatments and prevention measures for different disease by its inventions of novel drugs and recombinant vaccines.
The Therapeutic proteins have a greater effect against a variety of non-communicable diseases, which was responsible for over 50-60% of deaths in developing countries.
With the help of modern biotechnology, many diagnostic tools have been introduced for the detection of diseases in a quick and accurate manner.
Also Read: Biotechnology in Medicine
Biotechnology in Flora and Fauna
Biotechnology develops the process of micropropagation system, a new method of plant breeding for producing many new plant species and of new varieties with highly desirable characteristics.
Productions of genetically engineered plants with highly desirable characteristics have been very effective. These crops result from the alteration in the genetic makeup of the crops and this modification leads to a number of potential advantages including the production of crops, quality of crops, increased nutritional qualities of food crops, improved taste, texture or appearance of food, reduced dependence on fertilizers, pesticides and other agrochemicals and lot more.
Biotechnology has a wide application in animal husbandry. Several transgenic animals were produced to transfer the growth hormones, improve the efficiency of egg, meat and milk production.
Also Read: Flora and Fauna
Biotechnology in Environment
Biotechnology is also involved in controlling the environmental pollution through biodegradation of potential pollutants, recycling of wastes and other waste treatment technologies.
Biotechnology plays a major role in monitoring and controlling the environmental pollutions through the biological applications including bioremediation, biomonitoring, biotreatment and biodegradation of all the solid, liquid and gaseous wastes. Apart from these, there are many other biotechnological treatments applied to monitor the different components of the environment.
Also Read: Our Environment
Biotechnology in human health and their welfare
Biotechnology has been playing a dynamic role in improving the challenges regarding human health and their welfare. There are many more research and investigation processes carried out for improving the future technologies.
Biotechnology has played a significant role in improving human health by producing enriched nutrients food products such as Golden Rice, potato, maize, groundnuts, and soybean etc.
Also Read: Health and Diseases
This was a brief introduction to Biotechnology and its importance to humans.