Health is a state of wellbeing of a person’s physical, and mental as well as a social condition. Every individual has an in-built immune system that helps the body to stay fit and protect from outside influences. However, at times the function or structure of some parts or organs of the body can get affected. These disturbances are known as diseases.
The reasons for diseases can be bacteria or virus attack, malnutrition, etc. Now, to cure these ailments, every living being requires certain care, called treatment.
To understand the principle of treatment, a thorough discussion about the diseases is needed in the first place.
In medical science, there are two types of diseases.
- Acute Disease
The disease that affects for a shorter time is termed as an acute disease.
Example: Common cold, Influenza, etc.
- Chronic Disease
The disease that stays for a longer time is termed as a chronic disease.
Example: Cancer, TB, etc.
Here are the differences between chronic and acute diseases in a nutshell.
|Acute disease||Chronic disease|
|The duration of acute disease is shorter.||The duration of chronic disease is longer.|
|Affected persons can recover completely from an acute disease.||Affected persons can never completely cure of chronic disease.|
|There is no after effect like tiredness or weight loss visible once the patient is completely cured.||Patient of a chronic disease can often feel tired or losing weight.|
|The loss of work efficiency due to this disease is temporary.||Individuals suffering from a chronic disease can lose their work efficiency permanently.|
Cause of the Disease
The causes that influence a body to be affected by diseases are mostly categorised as the following-
Immediate and Contributory Cause
- Immediate Cause
When outside organisms cause disease after entering the body, it is called immediate cause.
Example: The attack of protozoa, bacteria, virus, etc.
- Contributory Cause
The secondary aspects that help these harmful organisms to enter the body are called contributory cause.
Example: contaminated food, dirty water, etc.
Infectious and Non-infectious Cause
- Infectious Disease Cause
Infectious cause refers to the microorganisms or microbes that cause the disease. These can spread from an infected individual to a healthy person through any media.
- Non-infectious Cause
Non-infectious cause refers to any other source than infectious ones.
Example: Genetic cause of any disease.
Diseases: Infectious and Non-infectious
- Infectious Diseases
Infectious diseases spread through contamination that is caused by microbes like bacteria. These microorganisms enter and multiply inside a body, and this affected carrier is known as the host.
Example: AIDS, TB, Flu, etc.
- Non-infectious Diseases
Non-infectious diseases don’t spread from the infected person to a healthy person on contact.
Example: Cancer, High blood pressure, etc.
Spreading Means of Infectious Diseases
Infectious diseases can be spread by four means.
- Airborne – TB, Common cold, Measles, etc.
- Waterborne – Hepatitis, Cholera, etc.
- Sexual transmitted – Syphilis, AIDS, etc.
- Animal borne – Rabbis
Antibiotics are some specific chemicals that help to block the biochemical process of bacteria. These chemicals are given in the form of medicine or drug. However, the treatment of infectious diseases by antibiotics is restricted to only bacterial diseases.
Viral infections can’t be treated by antibiotics.
The principle of treatment can be majorly described in two ways:
- Reduce the effect of the disease
Medicines are given to cut down the effect of the disease, like pain, fever, etc. Through this symptomatic treatment, the patient can feel some relief. However, these impacts can’t be subsided completely by the treatment.
Diseases like common flu can’t be cured. But, symptomatic treatment can reduce the effects of such diseases to some extent.
- Kill the cause of the disease
Secondly, by using medicine, individuals can finish pathogens like bacteria. These microorganisms survive due to some biochemical process that can be stopped by this medicine.
Thus, the principle of treatment is to prevent the disease by implementing different measures. It helps to enhance the living standard and bring down the mortality rate.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
- What are the principles of treatment?
The principles of treatment are to reduce the effect and kill the cause of the diseases.
- Why can’t antibiotics treat any viral infection?
After entering the host body, the virus survives on the cellular mechanism of the body as it doesn’t have any own bio-mechanism. Thus, antibiotics can’t work on them.
- What are some common infectious diseases?
Influenza, TB, Typhoid, Chickenpox, Flu, etc. are some infectious diseases.