Turner Syndrome and Klinefelter Syndrome are genetic disorders, caused by the variations in the number of sex chromosomes.
The Turner syndrome is mainly caused in 1 out of 2000 live births of a female baby. This syndrome is mainly caused due to the partial or complete absence of one X or sex chromosomes. Turner syndrome is also known as monosomy of the X chromosome. Turner syndrome leads to various developmental problems and people with this syndrome are at risk of many diseases.
Klinefelter syndrome is caused when a male baby is born with more than required or extra X chromosomes. This syndrome is found in 1 out of 1000 males. Klinefelter syndrome results in the formation of sperm or the egg and people with this syndrome are prone to tremors, osteoporosis and autoimmune disorders.
Explore more: Klinefelter syndrome
Let’s learn about the differences between Turner Syndrome and Klinefelter Syndrome
Turner Syndrome and Klinefelter Syndrome – Differences
|This syndrome is caused by the lack of sex chromosome (XO instead of XX).||This syndrome is caused by the presence of an extra sex chromosome (XXY instead of XY).|
|Monosomy of sex chromosome (2n-1), here only one X chromosome, is present in females.||The trisomy of sex chromosome (2n+1), here one extra X chromosome- XXY, are present in males.|
|1 in 2500 phenotypic females.||1 in 1100 phenotypic males.|
|Lymphedema, underweight and swelling or thickness of the neck.||Enlarged breasts, undeveloped penis and testicles.|
|Are absent||Are present and are atrophied|
|Undeveloped breast, absence of menstrual cycles, presence of vagina, vulva, uterus and sterility.||Presence of penis, vas deferens and seminal vesicles, but are inactive due to their undeveloped or smaller size.|
|Women with a webbed neck, short stature, poor or undeveloped breast, degenerated ovaries and rudimentary sexual characteristics.||Men with enlarged breasts|
|There is no cure for Turner syndrome. It is commonly treated with replacement therapy including estrogen and growth hormones.||Fertility treatment.
Removal of excess breast tissue.
Hormonal Replacement Therapy.
Support and Educational evaluation.
Also Refer: Difference between Gene and Chromosome