What is Dengue?
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease which is viral in nature and occurs in subtropical and tropical areas. Dengue is a single positive stranded RNA virus and easily spreads via mosquitoes (Aedes) that gives people dengue fever. Dengue belongs to the genus Flavivirus. When we observe dengue symptoms in a person, it is best advised to take them to a doctor and take medical help. If a person is infected from dengue fever more than once, it may be a severity and needs immediate attention as it may lead to hemorrhagic fever. We will discuss the dengue symptoms ahead in this article.
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Dengue Fever Symptoms
Symptoms are the signs shown by our body or body parts which are not like normal functioning or feeling and it leads to unusual state. Many times, many diseases and disorders show symptoms; likewise, dengue fever symptoms also exist.
Dengue fever symptoms that usually occurs after 4 to 6 days of infection and can last for up to 10 days are explained as follows:
- High Fever
People infected with dengue will be suddenly bedridden with high fever which may be 106 Fahrenheit or 41 degrees Celsius.
- Unbearable Headaches and Pain Behind Eyes
Dengue patients will suffer from severe headaches and constant pain behind the eyes that causes a lot of discomfort.
- Joint Pain and Fatigue
It is one of the most lethargic dengue symptoms that makes patients feel very tired. It leads to making the person weak and difficult to stand or walk; every little normal routine will make them feel like a tough exercise. Dengue tiredness is very different from a normal lethargy. Dengue fever is also accompanied by joint pain which is a high physical discomfort.
- Vomiting and Nausea
A person will feel extremely nauseated and hunger will be missing, preventing them from eating anything. They feel like throwing up whenever they eat anything. Extreme vomiting is also observed in people suffering from Dengue fever.
- Skin Rash
After 2 to 5 days of fever onset, skin rashes start and it is one of the peculiar symptoms of dengue. One should consult a doctor immediately on seeing rashes on the skin with high fever. It is one of the ways that helps a doctor to eliminate dengue from the suspicious list of diseases.
- Platelet Count Drops
There is a drop in the platelet count drastically which is found after doing a blood test for dengue. It is an alarming symptom and shouldn’t be ignored at any cost. Usually, the platelet count ranges from 1.5 lakh – 4.5 lakh per microlitre of blood. In person suffering from dengue, this count may go down to 20,000 or even lower; however, it is normalized once the person recovers from Dengue.
Due to drastic drop in platelet count, the body is susceptible to active bleeding from the mouth or nose. Internal bleeding may also take place that causes easy bruising.
- Inflamed Lymph Nodes
Often, swollen lymph nodes are observed in people suffering from Dengue where these become inflamed.
- Abdominal and Muscle Pain
A person may suffer from muscle pain as well as abdominal discomfort which makes it worse to bear. It is better to show up to a doctor than intake of over the counter medications.
If anyone observes above discussed signs and symptoms of Dengue fever, one must immediately visit a professional medical practitioner so that they can help you with further proceedings, remedies and treatments. Dengue symptoms in kids are also similar as they will have high fever as high as 105°F (40°C), severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscles, joint and bones pain, mild bleeding from the gums or nose, rashes over the body and easy bruising. Therefore being careful of the first symptoms of dengue and taking necessary steps is helpful to cure it on time.
Causes of Dengue
Dengue virus, abbreviated as DENV is responsible for causing Dengue fever. The dengue virus is a single-stranded (RNA) positive strand virus. Dengue fever can also be caused by any one of the four serotypes, namely DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3, DENV 4. These 4 different strands of the virus are called serotypes due to their different interactions with the antibodies in the human blood serum.
All the four serotypes circulate well in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. India has a favourable environment for these viruses to survive and develop. These are the dengue fever causes as discussed here.
Treatment for Dengue Fever
- Dengue fever can be treated with pain medications and fluids.
- Some of the severe cases require admission to hospitals.
- Supportive measures are taken such as oral rehydration therapy and fluid replacement.
- It can also be self- healing.
- Analgesic medications can also be given.
- Papaya leaf extract is also believed to be very effective for curing dengue fever.
Precautions for Dengue fever
It is better to adapt dengue fever prevention measures rather than stressing out after its suffering. There are certain steps which we should instill in our daily routines that will help us stay safe and away from dengue fever.
- Keep your surroundings clean devoid of all the sources of stagnant water.
- Making use of mosquito repellents and avoiding mosquito bites.
- Keeping a check on water in vases and flower pots ensuring it is changed frequently with fresh water.
- Spraying insecticides around residential and commercial areas on a regular basis, cleaning up gutters and blockages.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
- What should We do if We Observe Common Symptoms of Dengue Fever?
First of all, we should not panic if we find dengue symptoms in us or our loved ones. It can be cured if we take the required steps. We should take a visit to the doctor nearby our homes and tell him or her about all the symptoms that we have been suffering for a few days. After listening to our symptoms, the doctor will examine us and give advice for taking up the blood test that could confirm dengue fever. If the reports are indicating that it is dengue fever then the doctor will prescribe medications and remedies that you can follow and get well soon.
- Is Dengue Caused by a Virus?
Yes, dengue virus is responsible for causing dengue which is infected in a person and spread via mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. When a mosquito bites an infected person and bites another person, it spreads to him or her. Dengue virus is a single positive-stranded RNA of the family Flaviviridae and genus Flavivirus. Four dengue virus serotypes are known, namely DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4.