Yes. We all are lucky to have plants reproduce sexually.
As we all are aware, plants are the primary source of food for both humans and animals. Without plants, we cannot even imagine the existence of life on planet earth.
Sexual reproduction in plants
All flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, are the most diverse group of plants. Flowers are called as the reproductive part of the plant as it comprises the reproductive organs. There are two types of flowers.
Unisexual flowers – These flowers possess either male or female reproductive organs in a single flower. For example- White mulberry, Birch, Pine, Coconut flowers, Papaya, etc.
Bisexual flowers -These flowers possess both male and female reproductive organs in the same flower. For example- Rose, Sunflower, Tulip, Hibiscus, Lily, etc.
Also Read: Types of Pollination
In all flowering plants, reproduction is carried out in three stages:
- Pollination – A preliminary stage, which is involved in the transfer of pollen grains across the anther to the stigma through pollinating agents, including wind, water, birds, insects, butterflies, bats, and other animals. There are two types of pollination- self, and cross-pollination.
- Zygote formation – In this stage of reproduction, a zygote is formed by the fusion of male and female gametes.
- Fruit and Seed formation – The final stage of reproduction in which fertilization takes place. In this stage the formed zygote develops into an embryo, the ovary develops into fruit and ovules into seeds.
Also Read: Fertilization in Plants