If you take a look at the causes of air pollution, you will realize that humans are primarily responsible for air pollution. The growing industrialization has positive and negative impacts on mankind and the environment. Also, the increasing rate of environmental pollution is one of the significant drawbacks that we are facing, resulting from our deeds. Before talking about the control of air pollution, we will have to understand their meaning.
Air Pollution Definition
Air pollution means contamination of air, water, or soil by any substance that is harmful to the living organisms. It’s like an introduction or release of a toxic substance into the environment, that can harm the elements in the environment. The pollution can take place because of the natural (such as volcanic eruption), and man-made reasons. But nowadays, it’s the man-made reasons that are causing more pollution than natural ones. From the increasing number of vehicles to ever-growing industrial wastages in the form of air or water, each contributes to air pollution in some way.
What is Air Pollution?
The air pollution definition says that when any physical, chemical or biological change takes place in the air and contaminates it, then it is called air pollution. The contamination of air can be caused due to many factors such as poisonous or harmful gases, smoke, fog, smog, dust, etc. the air pollution affects both the plants as well as animals.
Types of Air Pollutants
The air pollutants are divided as primary and secondary pollutants. Pollutants are those substances that cause air pollution.
The primary pollutants responsible for air pollution are the ones that directly cause air pollution. These include harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide coming from the factories.
The secondary pollutants are formed by the process of intermixing or intermingling of primary pollutants. The smog, which is a combination of fog and smoke, is a secondary pollutant.
Causes of Air Pollution:
To prevent the pollution of air around, you have to understand the causes of air pollution at first. The main causes are –
Burning of Fossil Fuels:
The fossil fuel emits harmful gases such as sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide into the air.
The emission of harmful gases is caused by the excessive use of automobiles.
Various processes taking place during agricultural activities such as emission of ammonia, overuse of insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers.
Factories and Industries:
Emission of harmful gases and chemicals into the air by the increasing industrial activities.
Increasing emission of harmful substances through mining activities.
Effects of domestic sources such as the use of chemical paints and overuse of air conditioners.
Effects of Air Pollution:
The air pollution information shows that increasing air pollution can have an adverse effect on plants, animals, and humans.
Air Pollution can lead to increasing diseases like throat infections and lung cancer in humans.
Air Pollution can increase the amount of global warming as the temperature of the earth will keep rising with the emission of harmful gases.
When water droplets combine with harmful chemicals and pollutants, it will lead to acid rain.
Ozone layer Depletion:
All this will eventually lead to depletion of the ozone layer that protects us from harmful UV sun rays.
Thus, we have to work on the prevention of air pollution.
Effects on Animals:
Increasing air pollution affects animals and aquatic life, leading them to stray and wander for food. Many of the animals are on the verge of extinction because of this.
Air Pollution Control:
It is not easy to control air pollution, but it will require some simple steps like:
Avoid Using Vehicles:
Prefer using public transport as it will reduce the emission of CO into the air. The availability of carpools can help in the reduction of vehicles which in turn reduces the pollution. Prefer walking or cycling to nearby places and many such.
Use energy-efficient electrical devices at the workplace and home place. You can keep your lights switched off when not in use. The electrical appliances should be checked on a regular notice period so that it won’t affect the conservation.
Use of Clean Energy Resources
It will help to reduce the pollution level. Instead of using fossil fuels, we can use the natural resources to produce energy like Solar Energy, Wind Energy, etc.